Download PDF by Luigi Burzio: Principles of English Stress

By Luigi Burzio

ISBN-10: 0511519745

ISBN-13: 9780511519741

ISBN-10: 0521023807

ISBN-13: 9780521023801

ISBN-10: 0521445132

ISBN-13: 9780521445139

During this provocative paintings, Luigi Burzio argues that many universal assumptions inside of rigidity idea, and phonological thought extra typically, are in truth really arbitrary. He proposes radical departures from fresh culture. partly I he analyzes tension within the underived English lexicon, arguing that the elemental accentual teams or "feet" aren't monosyllabic or bisyllabic, as usually assumed, yet really bisyllabic or trisyllabic. This research brings major simplifications to different fresh theorizing, together with the removal of normal extrametrically and all principles destressing. partly II Professor Burzio bargains with morphologically complicated phrases, and argues that a number of phenomena of tension presevation, together with the obvious tension "neutrality" of a category of affixes, are all predictable reflexes of a unmarried precept of Metrical Consistency. as well as a pretty good account of pressure, the proposed metrical thought yields a unitary account of a large spectrum of vowel-length alternations, in an total perception of phonology that's modular, like that of comtemporary syntax. The publication makes an enormous theoretical contribution to the research of English be aware pressure and to phonological idea.

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Extra resources for Principles of English Stress

Example text

The capitalized portions of cinemaTOGRAFO, fotoGRAFIA, motoCICLETTA, etc. (which also have currency in the language). , and under the usual foot conditions (HG)I{GLCJ). The above analysis of Italian oxytones is confirmed by Spanish, some dialects of which exhibit the so-called "double" plurals, as in cafe -> cafe-se-s, in contrast to normal hombre -> hombre-s. As noted in Harris (1980), double plurals occur only with oxytones. This fact is straightforward from our point of view: double plurals result from filling in the empty syllable that oxytones must have.

16 The stress of underived items foot typology, the second component of our analysis is in certain ways very specific to English. It has to do with the existence of a special class of syllables, which we refer to as "weak" (W), whose characteristic is that they may or may not be metrified, in the manner illustrated in (2), where the weak syllables are italicized. (2) a. b. c. d. e. a ris(to era cy) ob(jec tive) ad(ven ture) e(xam pie) de(cem her) / / / / / (ca lum)«y, (ac cu va)cy (ad ]tc)tive, (no mi na)tive (a pQr)ture, (tern pe ra)ture (car bun)c/e, (ve ge ta)We (cha rac) ter The stress pattern of the words on the right-hand side is descriptively exceptional, but reduces to the one of the words on the left which in turn conforms with the foot typology in (1), if we take the final syllable to be extrametrical.

The exclusion of ternary feet thus leads to postulating two different notions of extrametricality, one (that of (26b) uniwersytet) marked on the stem, the other (that of (26a) gramatyk-a) lexically associated with the stem but "transmitted" to the suffix. These two different extrametricalities have furthermore different (and apparently arbitrary) orders of application with respect to other rules in the system. In contrast, let us review again the facts from our perspective. We suppose, again, that ternary feet are allowed.

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Principles of English Stress by Luigi Burzio

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