By Duane W. Roller
Few personalities from classical antiquity are extra famous--yet extra poorly understood--than Cleopatra VII, queen of Egypt. during this significant biography, Duane curler unearths that Cleopatra was once actually a realized and visionary chief whose overarching target was once constantly the upkeep of her dynasty and nation.
Roller's authoritative account is the 1st to be established completely on fundamental fabrics from the Greco-Roman interval: literary resources, Egyptian records (Cleopatra's personal writings), and representations in artwork and coinage produced whereas she was once alive. His compelling portrait of the queen illuminates her prowess as a royal administrator who controlled a wide and numerous state extending from Asia Minor to the inner of Egypt, as a naval commander who led her personal fleet in conflict, and as a student and supporter of the humanities. Even her amorous affairs with Julius Caesar and Marcus Antonius--the resource of her attractiveness as a perfect seductress who drove males to their doom--were conscientiously crafted kingdom regulations: she selected those companions to insure the procreation of successors who will be beneficial of her exclusive dynasty. That Cleopatra finally misplaced to her Roman competitors, curler contends, under no circumstances diminishes her abilities.
"Roller tells his story easily and accessibly....The ensuing portrait is that of a posh, many-sided determine, a effective Hellenistic ruler who may possibly stream the tillers of strength as skillfully as any guy, and one a ways and nobly faraway from the 'constructed icon' of well known imagination."
--The manhattan instances booklet Review
"A wealthy account of past due Ptolemaic culture."
--The New Yorker
"Offers a very good landscape of the society and tradition of past due Ptolemaic Egypt, with vibrant sketches of the (remarkably energetic) highbrow lifetime of Cleopatra's Alexandria and the structural instabilities of the overdue Ptolemaic state."
--Times Literary Supplement
"Besides supplying a compelling tale and respiring clean air right into a heretofore two-dimensional comic strip from background, Roller's 'Cleopatra' offers an enticing observation at the attitudes nonetheless usual in the direction of ladies who rule."
--Christian technology Monitor
"A definitive account of a queen of exceptional strength."
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Additional info for Cleopatra: A Biography (Women in Antiquity)
46 What the early Ptolemies could not know, however, was that Rome would steadily grow in power and acquire territory closer and closer to Egypt. ) began, which resulted in Roman occupation of a portion of mainland Greece. 48 This perhaps encouraged the Romans to become more interested in the affairs of Egypt. c. when Philip attempted to gain possession of their territories in the Aegean. At the same time the Seleukid king, Antiochos III, moved against Ptolemaic holdings in interior Syria and the Levant.
C. 21 A rare example of an intellectual and scholar who was also politically experienced, Demetrios provided the advice, both scholarly and political, that Ptolemy needed in order to turn Alexandria into a cultural center, including establishment of the Mouseion and Library. 22 Demetrios himself would give luster to the court, as he was one of the most prolific scholars of the era and thus the first major intellectual to receive Ptolemaic patronage. He probably also encouraged the original contingent of scholars to come to Alexandria, of which the most famous was the mathematician Euclid,23 thereby establishing the city as the new cultural center of the emergent Hellenistic world.
He probably also encouraged the original contingent of scholars to come to Alexandria, of which the most famous was the mathematician Euclid,23 thereby establishing the city as the new cultural center of the emergent Hellenistic world. It is difficult to imagine that, 250 years later, Cleopatra did not frequent the Library and attend events at the Mouseion—it was part of the royal palace complex24—a place where, if nothing else, she could have learned the many languages in which she became fluent.
Cleopatra: A Biography (Women in Antiquity) by Duane W. Roller